TAYLOR HORTICULTURAL DRYING BEAN
- Drying beans
- Tanned beans streaked with red
- A nutty flavour and creamy texture
- Open-pollinated seeds
- Matures in 80 days
Thick, flat, oval, cream and red pods average around 15cm (6″) in length, and house seeds that are buff splashed with dark red. Taylor Horticultural drying beans seeds produce dwarf, semi-runner plants that do well in cool climates and only grow to 35-45cm (14-18″) tall. When immature, the pods make nice snap beans, but the primary use is for shell beans or drying beans. When cooked, they have an appealing creamy texture and mild, nutty flavour that blends well with stronger flavours like chiles, and garlic, so they make superior refritos. The dried beans are easy to extract from the pods for winter storage, making them an economical crop and a fun project to get kids involved with.
Taylor Dwarf Horticultural beans have been grown in North America since the early 1800s. The strain was probably brought to America by Italian immigrants.
Matures in 80 days. (Open-pollinated seeds)
Season & Zone
Season: Warm season.
Zone: All zones.
Sow as early as possible for beans, around mid-May, so plants can mature before wet weather sets in. Optimal soil temperature: 21-32°C (70-90°F).
Sow seeds 2-5cm (1-2″) deep, 5-8cm (2-3″) apart, in rows 45-60cm (18-24″) apart. Thin to at least 15cm (6″) apart in each row. If the weather is too wet, beans can also be started in pots indoors and set out carefully a few weeks later. Seeds will sprout in 8-16 days, depending on conditions.
Ideal pH: 6.0-6.5. Well drained, warm soil in full sun is best. Raised beds help with both drainage and warmth. Use 1 cup of complete organic fertilizer for every wm (10′) of row. Too much nitrogen fertilizer is often the cause of poor pod set and delayed maturity. If beans flower but do not set pods, the cause can be zinc deficiency. Try spraying the plants with kelp based fertilizer. Wet leaves on crowded plants are subject to diseases. Thin plants to increase air circulation and avoid touching the leaves while they are wet.
Stop all watering when the first pods start drying out. Harvest when the seedpods are straw coloured. Pull the plants up by the roots and hang to dry. To shell the beans bash them back and forth inside a bag or pillowcase. Or shell them individually by hand. Do not pick until pods are dry. The beans themselves can then be set somewhere out of direct sunlight, where air movement is good, for a further week to insure even dryness.
Diseases & Pests
Cutworms and root maggots can attack seeds and seedlings. Allowing for good air circulation between plants, and taking care not to over fertilize can slow foliar disease, both fungal and bacterial. When thinning your seedlings try to keep enough space in between for air circulation to reduce disease incidence.
Beans fix nitrogen in the soil. Plant with Brassicas, carrots, celery, chard, corn, cucumber, eggplant, peas, potatoes, radish, and strawberries. Avoid planting near chives, garlic, leeks, and onions. Pole beans and beets stunt each other’s growth.
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