أزهار ديزي أوكس
This beloved and well-known flower originally came from Europe, and rapidly spread to other continents because of its hardy, rapid growth; at one time, farmers in Scotland with too many daisies or “gools” in their fields had to pay a fine. In some states the Ox-Eye Daisy has been classified as invasive, and the sale of its seed is illegal in those regions. The species name Leucanthemum comes from ancient Greek words meaning simply “white flower.” The poet Chaucer was the first to give this family of flowers the name “day’s eye,” because of their habit of opening in the morning and closing at night. A common saying of the era stated, “When you can put your foot on seven daisies, summer is come.” In the language of flowers, daisies symbolize innocence, simplicity, and modesty.
Sowing: Direct sow in spring after the last chance of frost, sowing on the surface of the soil; press the soil down lightly and keep moderately moist until germination, which should take place within 10-14 days. To start indoors, sow on the surface of a flat 6-8 weeks before the last frost of spring. Keep the soil lightly moist and at a temperature of 70 degrees F until germination. Transplant or thin the seedlings as soon as they reach a height of several inches.
Growing: Water seedlings regularly until they become established; mature plants also appreciate occasional watering, but too much moisture will cause disease and root rot. To encourage branching and bushy growth, pinch off the growing tips. This plant will self-seed and spread easily by rhizomes, and is considered invasive in several states. Mature plants can be divided in the fall or early spring. This plant tolerates mowing, which tidies the plant after it finishes blooming and helps prevent excessive self-seeding. Because of its potentially invasive nature, we cannot sell this seed to customers in CO, MT, OH, WA, or WY.
Harvesting: Daisies make long lasting fresh flowers; cut the stems long and place them in water immediately.
Seed Saving: Late in the season, allow the blossoms to fully mature; when the centers turn brown, cut them off and spread them out to dry away from direct sunlight. After about two weeks or when the heads have fully dried, rub them lightly to separate the seed from the husks. Store the seed in a cool, dry place.
Common Names: Oxeye Daisy, Dog Daisy, Margriet, Marguerite Daisy, Grande Marguerite, Moon Daisy, White Weed, Great Ox-Eye, Field Daisy, Maudlin Daisy, White Daisy, Horse Gowan
Latin Name: Chrysanthemum leucanthemum
Species Origin: Europe
Type: Garden Flowers
Life Cycle: Perennial
USDA Zones: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
US Regions: California, Mountain, Arid/Desert, Plains/Texas, Midwest, Northern, Northeast, Southeast
Seeds per Ounce: 40,000
Stratification: No Stratification
Germination Ease: No Stratification
Sunlight: Full Sun, Part Sun
Height: 24 Inches
Bloom Season: Blooms Early Summer, Blooms Late Summer
Uses: Cut Flowers, Deer Resistant
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